Dog Health

9 great ideas for preventing dog skin cancer

Dog Skin Cancer
dog skin cancer

The worst thing we can think of is our faithful dog breaking up, so we are the most concerned about their health and safety. Pet disease remains the most worrisome thing, especially dog skin cancer, as it is one of the most common tumors in dogs and can be a great danger to their health.

The word “cancer” remains the cause of fear and consternation for all kennel breeders, as it warns of the imminent departure of your faithful dog. With the development of dog foods that are sometimes produced in an unhealthy way, the number of cases of dog skin cancer has become very high in recent years. Fortunately, cases of dog skin cancer can be successfully treated if detected early.

It is very important to have a lot of information that can help us keep our dog safe. In this article, we’ll talk about the types of dog skin cancer, in addition to its symptoms, treatment, and prevention, as well as lots of advice from specialist vets on how to keep your dog safe and healthy.

But first, let us know if dogs can get cancer like humans.

Can Dogs Get Skin Cancer?

Yes, just like humans, dogs can get skin cancer. Several statistics have confirmed that in the last five years, the number of dogs with skin tumors has doubled and that these tumors are among the most common tumors in dogs. This is mainly due to the fact that the skin is most vulnerable to environmental factors that cause cancer, such as sunlight, viruses, and chemicals in addition to polluted water. With the dog’s skin visible and sensitive, the veterinarian can easily diagnose dog skin cancer compared to other types of tumors. This relatively increases the chances of saving the dog before cancer progresses.

Can dogs die from skin cancer?

Because of the various types of skin cancer in dogs, it is not possible to say that all tumors in dogs are dangerous and fatal, but what all veterinarians confirm is that this illness is fatal if not treated in time. The most dangerous type is squamous cell carcinoma, which damages all tissues and cells adjacent to the site of injury, but fortunately, it does not spread quickly. However, it is very important to take your dog to the vet if you suspect any type of tumor, even if it is benign.

Can the dog survive skin cancer?

Fortunately, if a dog’s skin cancer develops early and the veterinarian can correctly diagnose it and follow appropriate treatment or even surgery to remove the tumor, your dog will be able to escape cancer. But the medical follow-up is still very important to ensure that the tumor is completely eradicated and that the dog recovers from skin cancer.

How long do dogs live with skin cancer? (dog skin cancer life expectancy)

After a dog is diagnosed with skin cancer, he can live an average of about two months without treatment. Although some tumors do not respond to treatment, dogs can survive after suffering from skin cancer using chemotherapy, this period can be as long as a full year or more (depending on their body’s response to treatment).

To ensure that your dog survives skin cancer, we need to know how to quickly diagnose these tumors. Follow us to know more.

How to diagnose skin cancer in dogs?

How to diagnose skin cancer in dogs
How to diagnose skin cancer in dogs

For ordinary people, a dog’s skin cancer can be diagnosed by sliding your hand over his skin to see if there are tumors, or by noticing a redness in your dog’s skin that you should promptly report to a veterinarian for the correct scientific diagnosis. Veterinarians diagnose skin cancer in dogs by examining the cells in the skin tumor using a procedure called “microneedle aspiration”.

In this process, a small sample of these cells is taken for laboratory tests. The diagnosis can also be made through a surgical incision and then samples are extracted for laboratory examination and accurate diagnosis can be made.

In this video, you can know more about how to diagnose skin cancer in dogs: How To Detect Dog Skin Cancer

Is dog skin cancer contagious

Fortunately, dog skin cancer is not contagious to humans, no matter how you interact with the affected dog. So even if your dog has one of these tumors, you can play with and train him as usual without fear.

Causes of dog skin cancer

There are many different causes of dog skin cancer, despite the development of medicine, until now, scientists tried to find new causes for this disease. In what follows, we will discuss the most common causes:

  • Genetic Causes: Just like humans, genetic factors play an important role in skin cancer as the risk of developing this tumor in dogs that come from an infected mother or father is much higher than others.
  • Triggers: Most dogs get a lot of triggers during training, which increases the chance of developing skin cancer if the chosen stimulus is unhealthy.
  • Extreme sun exposure: Although a dog’s skin is covered with hair, it is not enough, exposing him to the hot sun for a long time will certainly cause skin cancer to your dog. By this, we have clearly answered the question that dog owners often ask, “Can dogs get skin cancer from the sun?”
  • Chemicals: Some of the substances in the environment or the cleaning products we use to take care of your dog can cause skin cancer if it is not healthy and has not been carefully selected.
  • Certain viruses: Certain viruses circulating in the environment where the dog lives may be caused by skin cancer.

Dog skin cancer types

Dog skin is made up of several different layers, which confirms the existence of different types of skin cancer in dogs. Each layer develops a different type of tumor that can develop into cancerous tumors. In what follows, we will talk about the most common types of dog skin cancer:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of dog skin cancer and mainly affects Bloodhounds, Basset Hounds, and Standard Poodles. These cancers are characterized by their strong, elevated appearance, which is very similar to warts. Most often these tumors appear on the nose, ears, anus, lower legs, or abdomen.

One of the most important causes that lead to squamous cell carcinoma is exposure to hot sun for a long time so that the tumor appears in the areas least protected from the sun by the hair. But according to the latest report from the National Dog Cancer Foundation, the real cause of these infections is related to the papillomavirus.

  • Malignant Melanoma: There are two types of melanoma, benign and either malignant, often dark in color. Fortunately, benign melanomas are the most common in dogs, but the problem with malignant melanomas is that they develop very quickly and have a great capacity to spread to other parts of the dog’s body.
    Malignant melanomas appear on the lips, mouth, and nails in dogs. the head and neck area is more susceptible to this type of cancer. Many researchers have confirmed that certain dog breeds, such as Miniature, Standard Schnauzers, and Scottish Terriers, are more likely to develop this cancer than others, and males are more affected than females.

In general, malignant melanomas appear as a swelling of the toes, which sometimes leads to the loss of the dog’s nails. It is very common for these tumors to develop into a secondary infection and spread to other parts of the body, which makes diagnosis very difficult and sometimes misdiagnosed, and reduces the dog’s chances of survival from skin cancer.

  • Mast Cell Tumors: Mast cells are also called histamine, and are the most common type of skin cancer in certain dog breeds such as Boxers, Pugs, Rhodesian Ridgebacks, Boston Terriers, especially mixed breed dogs. But older dogs ( between 8 and 10 years old) are the most affected by this tumor, as it often causes their death.
    This type of dog skin cancer can develop on the extremities, lower abdomen, and chest, as well as on internal organs and can cause allergic symptoms in dogs such as irritation and itching.
  • Fibrosarcoma: These tumors occur in the connective tissue of the skin and under the skin, they are characterized by slow growth and no transfer from one organ to another. This type of skin cancer usually affects dogs when they reach a mature age or slightly older. This skin cancer afflicts dogs in the limbs and adjacent structures, sometimes impairing their function, they can also bleed, ulcerate, and become infected.
    This fibrous sarcoma can have a diverse appearance and usually affects small dogs and can only be removed surgically.
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: One of the most common types of dog skin cancer is that it primarily affects older dogs because of their weakened immune systems. This tumor appears as raised spots or lumps that are in strong contact in different parts of the body, such as the abdomen, lower legs, and head. The causes of this cancer include prolonged exposure to the sun as well as certain viruses.

Dog Skin Cancer Symptoms

Dog Skin Cancer Symptoms
Dog Skin Cancer Symptoms

Because there are many different types of dog skin cancer, symptoms vary from tumor to tumor depending on its type and location in the dog’s body, but in general, the best thing to do for early detection of skin cancer in dogs is regular and continuous monitoring for any strange lumps or bumps on your dog’s body.
Therefore, if you notice a strange lump or swelling on the dog’s body, you should consult the veterinarian directly for the correct diagnosis. So, briefly, the symptoms of dog skin cancer are clear and easy: there is foreign swelling or bumps on the body.

dog skin cancer treatment

Many people ask, “How do you get rid of skin cancer in dogs?”. Of course, the answer will simply be cured. After a correct and early diagnosis of a dog’s skin cancer, the veterinarian will determine whether or not to treat it and how to treat the tumor.

Often, treatment options for your dog depend on many factors, the most important of these are the type of tumor, its location in the dog’s body, the stage of cancer and the dog’s age.
The type of treatment varies depending on the type of cancer: often surgery is required to remove these tumors, with additional steps such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
It is very important to note that some tumors are able to resist radiotherapy, so the veterinarian may have to use other alternatives to treatment, especially if the cancer is at an advanced stage.

Preventing dog skin cancer

As we always say, prevention is better than treatment, but sometimes we can prevent some diseases, but unfortunately, we cannot prevent others. For example, if a dog’s skin cancer is due to a genetic predisposition, we can’t prevent it, but we can reduce the risk to the dog. But there are many things we can do to help your dog avoid skin cancer, such as:

  • Reducing exposure in direct sunlight, especially if you have a dog breed with fair skin and short hair, can help reduce the risk of skin cancer in dogs, even partially.
  • To avoid skin cancer, it’s very important for your dog to know all the bumps and lumps on his body and present them to the vet in case one is suspected. This can be done as part of your daily routine or during training by wiping your hand on his skin.
  • Make sure you provide your dog with healthy food while making sure you provide high nutritional value stimuli, as chemicals cause skin cancer.

Pictures of dog skin cancer

Dear reader, now is the time to give a gift, as we will provide you with a set of images on dog skin cancer.
To help you diagnose the disease easily, you should notice bumps on your dog for easy treatment. We also apologize if some of these pictures are a little painful if skin cancer is at an advanced stage.
If you have experiences with dog skin cancer, please share them in the comments for the benefit of all.